FDA Suspends Temporary Emergency Permit of Pet Food MakerJune 12, 2009The U.S. Food and Drug Administration announced today it was suspending thetemporary Emergency Permit issued to Evanger's Dog & Cat Food Co., Inc.Evanger's, operating in Wheeling, Illinois, deviated from the prescribedprocess, equipment, product shipment, and recordkeeping requirements in theproduction of the company's thermally processed low acid canned food (LACF)products. The deviations in their processes and documentation could resultin under-processed pet foods, which can allow the survival and growth ofClostridium botulinum (C. botulinum), a bacterium that causes botulism insome animals as well as in humans.In April 2008, Evanger's was issued an "Order of Need for Emergency Permit"after the agency determined that the company had failed to meet theregulatory requirements to process a product
that does not present a healthrisk. In June, 2008, FDA issued Evanger's a temporary Emergency Permit.During inspections conducted between March 2009 and April 2009, FDAdetermined Evanger's was not operating in compliance with the mandatoryrequirements and conditions of the Temporary Emergency Permit. "The FDA is stopping Evanger's ability to ship pet food in interstatecommerce," said Dr. Bernadette Dunham. "Today's enforcement action sends astrong message to manufacturers of pet food that we will take whateveraction necessary to keep unsafe products from reaching consumers."In order for Evanger's to resume shipping in interstate commerce, thecompany must document that corrective actions and processing procedures havebeen implemented to ensure that the finished product will not present ahealth hazard.Botulism is a powerful toxin that affects the nervous system and can befatal. The
disease has been documented in dogs and cats. Signs of botulismin animals are progressive muscle paralysis, disturbed vision, difficulty inchewing and swallowing, and progressive weakness to the body. Death isusually due to paralysis of the heart or the muscles used in breathing.While FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition is responsible forregulating all human and animal LACF processing, FDA's Center for VeterinaryMedicine has authority over animal feed and foods. The two centers arecollaborating on this enforcement action.